Posts Tagged 'infections'

Understanding Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)and how it can be prevented

WHAT IS UTI?
UTI stands for Urinary tract Infection, it commonly affects the bladder (sometimes ureters and kidneys) because of the presence of bacteria in the urinary tract system. The urinary tract system of the human body is composed of tubes and containers necessary to store and remove urine from the body. The upper tract placed kidneys which produce urine by removing waste and water from the blood. The lower tract has two narrow tubes called ureters that connect the kidneys. The urine, when stored in the body travels down to the narrow ureters and stuck up in the bladder, at the bottom of the bladder, a small tube can be found, this is called urethra which then removed the urine out of the body.
It is estimated that 50% of women will experience UTI in their lifetime.

HOW UTI DEVELOPED?
Urine is bacteria-free. But if bacteria comes from outside (usually through the urethra), it will slowly develop into UTI. The most common bacteria that will trigger UTI usually occur in the large intestine. The most common type of UTI is bladder infections, scientifically called cystitis. These bacteria moved to the upper tract through ureters causing a kidney infection which is a more serious infection and needs medical attention right away.

SYMPTOMS OF UTI
Sexually transmitted diseases are another reason for UTI. Sexually active women are more prone to UTI and women after menopause. Women who engaged in sex often attracted bacteria to the urinary tract system, menopause women losses estrogen hormones causing the thinning of the urethral tissue therefore prone to bacteria because in the absence of estrogen, vaginal ph changes and reduced the number of good bacteria in the vaginal area to fight bad bacteria. Below are the common symptoms of UTI
a. Burning sensation while urinating
b. Frequent urge to urinate (passing only small amounts)
c. Pressure in the lower part of the abdomen
d. Blood in the urine
e. Bad odor in the urine

WOMEN ARE EASILY THE TARGET OF UTI
UTI usually affects women because of the short length and location of urethra of women compared to men. It is a prime entry point of bacteria to the urinary tract system. Bacteria from the nearby rectal area can migrate to the urethra. Women who are on the post-menopausal stage losses estrogen hormones which enable to body to produce good bacteria around the vaginal area.Using of birth control like spermicide and diaphragm increase the chances of acquiring UTI

MEN ARE AFFECTED TOO
Men can get UTI too, often the result of obstruction flow of urine. Men who are unable to urinate can attract bacteria to the urinary tract system. Another reason is inflamed prostate gland which restrict urine flow

HOW IT CAN BE TREATED
Uncomplicated UTI is commonly treated by antibiotics, left untreated UTI can progress to the upper tract which endangered the kidney.

HOW IT CAN BE PREVENTED
UTI can be prevented by drinking many liquids to flush bacteria, drink a lot of water at least 8 glasses a day, Cranberry juice may be protective because of its too acidic taste which can fight bacteria in the body, take Vitamin C. One must avoid too much soft drinks, salty and junk foods. Soft drinks can dries up the body which can create more bacteria. Urinate frequently when you feel the urge to urinate, bacteria will grow when urine stays in the bladder for too long. For sexually active individuals, urinate after each sexual activity to flush out bacteria.

Sources: health and home magazine and Mayo clinic health bulletin

Advertisements

Pages

December 2017
M T W T F S S
« Sep    
 123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031

Top Clicks

  • None